(Updated on January 20th, 2021)

It has been more than a month since Americans aged 16 and above received the first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine (Pfizer for short), one of the two COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the United States. The other vaccine, named Moderna, was authorized four days later (on December 18th) for use on people aged 18 and above. The Department of Health and Human Services published two datasets, one for each vaccine, of the numbers of doses allocated each week to different states and jurisdictions. Let’s have a quick look at these numbers by visualizing them…


Unlike in Europe, in the United States and Canada, soccer has most often been overlooked. The two countries share a single top-level soccer competition, the Major League Soccer (MLS). Compared to European soccer leagues like La Liga (in Spain), the Premier League (in England), and the Bundesliga (in Germany), the MLS is less popular. In terms of average attendance, it ranks behind the three European leagues (tenth in the world with 21,311 fans per game in Season 2019). In terms of broadcasts outside the U.S. …


A match between Manchester City and Liverpool with no live fans present. Photograph: The Canadian Press

Home advantage (i.e., the phenomenon where the home team perform better than the away/visiting team) is a well-known and well-researched phenomenon in sports like baseball, but not so much in soccer. When matches in the Premier League were suspended due to COVID-19, people started to wonder if the home advantage would vanish when they were to resume with no fans allowed in the stadiums. A study in August 2020 (only about 2 months after the league had resumed) found that the absence of fans did not have much of an effect on the home advantage not just in the Premier…

Tara Nguyen

Aspiring data scientist. GitHub: @tara-nguyen. LinkedIn: @taranguyen264

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